The Buddha’s principal argument against self is “self is illusory “ and he also mentioned that only a No-self (rejecting self) could achieve the Nirvana.
Why the self is an illusion?
Buddha explained actually self consists of five aggregates (Skandas): Forms, sensation(made up of feeling, seeing, hearing, tasting, touching, smelling) Perception, mental Formations and consciousness. But these aggregates don’t represent an integral or an autonomous entity instead self what we might call ego is more correctly thought of as a by-product of the aggregates. So when I say my body actually it doesn’t represent myself, but just a body which is constantly changing in this impermanent phenomenon. In the same way the remaining aggregates doesn’t carry my entity, neither integrally nor autonomously. That’s why the self doesn’t exist, if we take a right view, and it will have constantly rejected as an illusory idea.
It is hard to reject ‘self’ as we live in this modern world where everything is entangled with the so called ‘self’. But it seems to me that the ‘self’ have been prevailed among the mankind cause of habituality. So it would be worthwhile for the humanity and the rest of the organisms and things that matters our lives , if we withdraw ‘self’ from our center. Though it won’t be easy to get rid of this fetter which have been imprisoning us from the thousand of years. Here I’m supporting No-self.
- It is crystal clear that ‘self’ has evolved as an entity since from the development of the civilizations. And this modern self is stronger than any other selves that have lived before.
If we look back to 500 years ago into the Mayan civilization, It would obviously illustrate a ‘self’ which is not strong like a modern ‘self’ where everybody were devoted to the community(Sangha) not for the self. So, we can say in the process of growing up, of civilizations the idea of ‘self’ continues to grow as the ‘self’ oriented civilizations like Europe, Arabs that had been ruled the world conspicuously throughout the millennium . Therefore, self is not a preoccupied concept, but gradually it had taken a strong place due to the long run genetical adaptation.
- When we have come to know that how to separate the different aggregates which constitute this false ‘self’, we could easily continue our life through a positive spirit. Suppose, I’m taking a walk through the woods and, after sometimes I could even lose my enthusiasm due to boredom which is 99% entangled with ‘self’. But if I (I is extra) can forget myself, then I could take a long walk like a machine since my forms will not have tired enough. So, No-self is strong and free from illusions. That’s why No-self views rightly, intended rightly and so on… what had written in 8thfold path.